RETURN MIGRATION IN BRAZIL
The various forms of migration and mobility are factors that have historically played an important role in the socioeconomic development of a country. Among the different types of migration is the focus of this study: return migration, one of the main events in Brazilian population dynamics in recent decades. Thus, the main purpose of this article is to discuss some relevant theoretical elements for studies on return migration and second, to analyze the direct effect of this type of migration by federated units (FUs) in Brazil over the five-year periods 1986/1991, 1995/2000 and 2005/2010. In this way, it is possible to assess the return of natives to FUs, as well as short-term migration (full return migration). To this end, data was taken from the sample of the Demographic Censuses in 1991, 2000 and 2010 and the digital mesh of Brazilian FUs.
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