FEIRAS NORDESTINAS (fairs in northeastern Brazil)
Objetiva discutir os elementos preponderantes para a origem e a evolução das feiras na região Nordeste do Brasil. Toma como base a história de uma das atividades econômicas que mais contribuiu para a ocupação do território nacional e, conseqüentemente, regional, a pecuária, pois foi através dela que as feiras tornaram-se importantes instituições no contexto da formação econômica nordestina. À medida que a pecuária foi responsável pela fixação da população nas áreas do Agreste e do Sertão, criaram-se as condições para o estabelecimento das relações comerciais, em princípio voltadas para a comercialização dos animais, originando as feiras de gado, e por fim, a evolução para as atuais feiras. Analisa também a importância dessa instituição econômica e social para a dinâmica das cidades do interior da região.
Palavras-Chave: Feira, Pecuária, Região Nordeste.
This study intends to discuss the dominant elements for origin and evolution of the street markets in northeastern Brazil. It takes into consideration the history of the economical activity which gave the greatest contribution to the occupation of the national territory, and consequently to the regional occupation and to the cattle breeding. Due to this activity, the street markets became an important establishment in the context of the economical ortheastern development. Therefore, cattle breeding made possible the human settlement of Agreste and Sertão and generated conditions to the uprising of commercial relations, which were addressed to cattle trading at first. There was the origin of the cattle street markets, which evolved into the current events. This work also analyses the importance of this social, economical issue for the dynamic of the municipalities into the northeastern backcountry.
Key words: Street Market. Cattle breeding. Northeastern Brazil.
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