A CIRCULAÇÃO NA MANAUS DA BELLE ÉPOQUE: modernização e exclusão (belle époque circulation at Manaus: modernization and exclusion)
Este artigo busca, a partir de fontes primárias, jornais diários e documentos oficiais, tais como: decretos, mensagens e leis, analisar a implantação dos bondes elétricos na cidade de Manaus em 1896 e a expansão ocorrida até 1910. Se de um lado, a implantação de sofisticado serviço de transporte, que coincide com o período áureo da borracha, significava o sinal da modernização numa cidade tropical, de outro assinalava a exclusão de parte significativa da população desse serviço.
Palavras chave: Amazônia, transporte coletivo, bondes.
The article seeks from primary sources, daily papers and oficial documents, such as: decree, messages and rules to analyze the beginning of transportation by trolley in Manaus in 1896, as well as its expansion until 1910. The beginning of sophisticated transportation that took place at rubber boom period, whether means modernization in a tropical town, on the other hand, it emphasizes the exclusion of a significant part of the population.
Key words: Amazon region, public transportation, trolley.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant MERCATOR the right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows the sharing of the work with recognition of the authorship of the work and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are authorized to sign additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (e.g., publish in an institutional repository or as a book chapter), with acknowledgment of authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are allowed and encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their personal page) at any point before or during the editorial process, as this can generate productive changes as well as increase the impact and citation of the published work (see The Effect of Free Access).
- Authors are responsible for the content of the manuscript published in the journal.