A GEOGRAFIA NO PENSAMENTO FILOSÓFICO (geography in philosophical thinking)
A compreensão do pensamento geográfico através do tempo histórico passa pela compreensão do pensa-mento filosófico. A Geografia tem suas origens no conhecimento global da antiguidade que buscava explicar o mundo e a existência do homem no mesmo, e era definido, genericamente, como Filosofia. Entre-tanto, este saber só ganha aval de ciência nos sécu-los XVIII e XIX. Como as demais ciências, os seus pensadores e as suas escolas, acompanharam as tendências teóricas de cada momento, frutos de contextos históricos e de interesses econômicos e ideológicos diversos. Este artigo tece considerações genéricas sobre as possíveis relações entre o pensa-mento de alguns filósofos e determinadas teorias ou princípios defendidos por geógrafos consagrados, não se considerando conclusivas ou verdades absolutas as idéias nele defendidas.
Palavras-chave: Geografia, Filosofia, História.
The changing concept of geography throughout history can only be understood based on the comprehension of philosophy. Geography has its origins in the holistic knowledge of antiquity which tried to explain the world and the human being in it and was simply known as philosophy. Only in the 18th and 19th century geography was acknowledged as a science. As in all fields of science its thinkers and schools followed the tendencies and theories of their times, which were influenced by their historical context and economical and ideological interests. This article ponders over a possible connection between the ideas of some philosophers and certain theories and axioms supported by acknowledged geographers. The resulting insights may neither be considered conclusive nor the absolute truth.
Key words: Geography, Philosophy, History.
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