EFFECTS OF EL NIÑO ON THE COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS AND THEIR RELATED SERVICES
Since the 1980s, the effects of the El Niño phenomenon have been taken note of seriously from an ecosystem
and economic point of view. After the fishing debacle in the 1980s, in countries, such as Peru and Chile,
and the phenomena of coral bleaching detected worldwide due to the intense changes in the oceanographic
conditions, the effects of this phenomenon have been studied more systematically (since El Niño 1997–98).
Without having the absolute certainty of whether climate change is increasing the frequency or intensity
of its impacts, what is clear is that there are very serious repercussions associated with El Niño both on
the composition and on dynamics of the coastal and marine ecosystems, and also the associated economic
impacts are very evident. In light of the 2015–16 El Niño, some ecosystem and economic consequences of
this phenomenon have been described in contrast systems (fisheries and ocean upwelling, coral reefs and
mangroves), emphasizing the possible role of climate change and its consequences on marine biodiversity.
Keywords: El Niño; Climate change; Coral reef; Mangrove; Upwelling; Fishery..
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant MERCATOR the right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows the sharing of the work with recognition of the authorship of the work and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are authorized to sign additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (e.g., publish in an institutional repository or as a book chapter), with acknowledgment of authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are allowed and encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their personal page) at any point before or during the editorial process, as this can generate productive changes as well as increase the impact and citation of the published work (see The Effect of Free Access).
- Authors are responsible for the content of the manuscript published in the journal.