URBANISATION AND UNEVEN DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM ON THE BRAZILIAN COAST

Abstract

The concentration of tourism on the Brazilian coast is widely recognised, despite the fact that its development does not take place in an even manner along the entirety of the coast. As a result, the goal of this article is to examine the spatial diffusion of tourism-related activities on the Brazilian shore and seek to identify the places where it gains more prominence, along with the factors that contributed to its uneven growth. The procedures adopted included the study of tourism-related data as contained in two sources: the Guia Quatro Rodas [‘Quatro Rodas’ Motoring Guide] of the Abril Publishing House and the Brazilian Tourism Map, as published by the Brazilian Department of Tourism in its 2019 edition. The mapping and the analysis of the data allowed us to conclude that the spatial character of coastal tourism was conditioned by the pre-existing urban structure, and concentrated on the major cities. It should be noted that small and mid-sized cities, following specific interventions from the Government, became relevant destinations in the regional, domestic and foreign markets.

Keywords: Tourism; Brazilian coastal line; Urbanisation; Uneven Development; Guia Quatro Rodas.

Author Biographies

Maria Aparecida Pontes Fonseca, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal (RN), Brazil

PhD in Geography from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (2004) and post-doctorate from the Autonomous University of Madrid and the University of Murcia (2016/2017). She is full professor of the Department of Geography of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, with exclusive dedication, since 1993. She participates in the Post Graduation Program in Geography and the Post Graduation Program in Tourism, both linked to the Federal University of Rio Grande do North. Productivity investor in research - PQ-2/CNPq. She coordinates the Interdisciplinary Group of Tourism Research and Societies-DGE / UFRN, which brings together researchers from various areas of knowledge and the BEMC Network, where researchers from Brazil, Spain, Mexico and Chile participate. She is a member of the International Network for Tourism Research in Pandemic Times and of the Rede Cidade Litorâneas e Turismo-CILITUR. In recent years, she has dedicated herself to studies related to tourism, trying to discuss the spatial nature of this activity. Topics of interest: tourism and space production, public tourism policies and tourist urbanization.

Wagner Fernandes Costa, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal (RN), Brazil

Currently doing the PhD course at PPGTUR/UFRN. Mestre in Tourism (PPGTUR/UFRN). Graduated in Geography (UFRN). Graduated in Tourism (UFRN). He teaches Tourism and Hospitality at higher (face-to-face) and technical (face-to-face and EaD) levels.

Sergio Moraes Rego Fagerlande, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil

PhD in Urbanism in Prourb /FAU/UFRJ in 2012. He was a Post-Doctorate researcher at the Prourb/FAU/UFRJ, and has been a PNPD/CAPES grantee between October 2013 and August 2014. As of August 2014, he is Adjunct Professor of the Department of Urbanism and Media Environment DPUR FAU UFRJ. Head of the Department of Urbanism and Environment DPUR of FAU UFRJ as of April 2017. Researcher of Prourb/FAU UFRJ as of 2014 and Collaborating Teacher as of 2020, with LAURBAM research, on the subject of tourism and cities, Currently dedicating himself to researching tourism in favelas and tourism and historical heritage in Rio de Janeiro suburbs and coastal cities.

Carolina Todesco, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Seridó (RN), Brazil

PhD in Human Geography from the University of São Paulo (USP) and Graduated in Tourism from the University of Sorocaba (UNISO). From 2010 to 2011 she carried out a PhD internship at the University of Minho, in Portugal and in 2014 she did a Post-Doctorate in the Post-Graduate Program in Urban and Regional Studies at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). From 2005 to 2013 she worked in consulting companies in the field of tourism planning in projects for the Ministry of Tourism and the Ministry of the Environment. Since 2014 she has been a professor at the Department of Social and Human Sciences at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. His research area: government planning and public tourism policies; regional development; tourism geography.

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Published
05/11/2022
How to Cite
FONSECA, Maria Aparecida Pontes et al. URBANISATION AND UNEVEN DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM ON THE BRAZILIAN COAST. Mercator, Fortaleza, v. 21, nov. 2022. ISSN 1984-2201. Available at: <http://www.mercator.ufc.br/mercator/article/view/e21013>. Date accessed: 25 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.4215/rm2022.e21013.
Section
ARTICLES