The acclaimed title “sustainable destination” has become a central premise among territorial management groups. However, the process of developing public policies to meet this condition has revealed reductionist and sometimes misguided treatments that fail to incorporate the true complexity of sustainability in tourism. The result? Disconnected, sporadic and ineffective actions, based on assumptions or individual interests of the territory's actors. The present essay aims to present a simplified and didactic proposal for a territorial planning tool (Mandala of Sustainability in Tourism – MST) in order to contribute to the pursuit of sustainability in tourism development. The MST is made up of 21 indicators, defined based on the analysis of international instruments and current national strategies in the area of tourism planning. The instrument covers the 7 dimensions of sustainability (environmental, territorial, political, cultural, social, economic and technological), developed to pragmatically guide local and regional tourism management groups.

Keywords: Sustainability Indicators; Tourism; Public Policy; Mandala of Sustainability in Tourism; Local Development.

Author Biographies

João Paulo Faria Tasso, University of Brasília, Brasília (DF), Brazil

PhD in Sustainable Development from the University of Brasília (UnB).Bachelor in Tourism from Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Post-Doctorate in Ethics, Public Policies and Tourism from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). Leader of the Tourism and Sustainability Studies Laboratory (LETS/UnB). Adjunct Professor at the Center of Excellence in Tourism at the University of Brasília (CET/UnB).

David Leonardo Bouças da Silva, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luis (MA), Brazil
PhD in Administration (PPGA/UnB), Master in Sustainable Development (CDS/UnB), Adjunct Professor IV of the Department of Tourism and Hospitality at the Federal University of Maranhão (DETUH/UFMA). Researcher at the Tourism and Sustainability Studies Laboratory (LETS/UnB) and Coordinator of the Strategic Management of Destinations and Tourism Organizations research group (GEDOT/UFMA).
Elimar Pinheiro do Nascimento, University of Brasília, Brasília (DF), Brazil

Sociologist, PhD from the Université René Descartes, Paris V, and Post-Doctor from the Ecole Des Hautes Études in Sciences Sociales. Associate Professor III at the Center for Sustainable Development at the University of Brasília (CDS/UnB).


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How to Cite
TASSO, João Paulo Faria; DA SILVA, David Leonardo Bouças; NASCIMENTO, Elimar Pinheiro do. MANDALA OF SUSTAINABILITY IN TOURISM. Mercator, Fortaleza, v. 23, may 2024. ISSN 1984-2201. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 14 june 2024. doi: